The grape, together with the olive and the hazelnut, has been one of the principal crops in the province of Tarragona since Roman times and the art of winemaking is a significant part of the legacy left to us by the Roman Empire.
The province has six designations of origin: Tarragona, Priorat, Terra Alta, Montsant and Conca de Barberà, plus the DO Penedès, which is shared with Alt Penedès county in Barcelona province. The vineyards have adapted to the different soil and climatic characteristics by using different grape varieties and cultivation methods.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries cooperative wineries in the Modernist architectural style were built all over Tarragona province. Some are of great beauty and artistic value and categorised as Assets of Cultural Interest. Especially outstanding are those designed by César Martinell in the counties of Priorat, Conca de Barberà and Terra Alta, particularly those in the towns of Nulles, Pinell de Brai and Cornudella de Montsant.
Today grape cultivation and winemaking continue to be of great importance to the economies of these mainly agricultural inland counties.